Proper training, good technique, as well as strengthening and stretching are the most important elements to preventing sports injuries.
Sports injuries refer to the kinds of injury that occur during sports or exercise. While it is possible to injure any part of the body when playing sports, the term sports injuries is commonly used to refer to injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Some of the most common sports injuries include:
Muscle sprains and strains/pulls: The most common sports injuries, muscle sprains and strains are common to many different sports, from soccer and baseball to football, tennis and track. Sprains are ligament injuries, and injury to your muscle fibers or tendons are called strains, also referred to as pulled muscles. Overusing or overstretching a muscle can cause the tendons or fibers to tear.
Shin splints: Shin splints most commonly occur in runners and athletes that play a sport that requires a lot of running. They usually occur when an athlete starts a running or sprinting regimen without the proper warm up or pre-training. It is usually due to poor alignment of the body, or weakness in the leg muscles. When someone has shin splints. there is pain along the large bone in the front of the lower leg, known as the tibia or shin bone.
Preventing sports injuries:
There may be times when it is impossible to prevent a sports injury, however many times prior preparation can help keep an injury from happening. Always warm up before beginning any sport. Warm ups help increase the blood flow to your muscles making them more pliable and flexible. This can help prevent sports injuries. It is also important to work your way into a new sport so you do not end up with an overuse injury. Do not expect to head full into a sport if you have not been playing for a while. It is also important to recognize when you are used up and should stop. Sports injury treatment can be prevented with a little warm up before beginning a sport.
Sports injury Treatment:
Treatment of sports injuries depends on the type of injury.
Use an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas to reduce inflammation and pain. Do not put ice directly on to the skin. You can ice the area for 10mins once every 45mins.
Use compression as soon as possible to stop any blood and to reduce swelling. You can use bandages or a firm hand on the area.
Massage is a way of rehabilitating the muscles after injury. This will help with circulation, reducing bruising and swelling, and thereby reducing pain. If training in preparation for a sporting event for example marathon this rehabilitation could be crucial.
It is very important to rest after an injury to allow the body to rehabilitate and recover.
Keep the injured limb elevated to help reduce swelling and stop blood flow. Make sure to keep the limb elevated above the heart.
Follow up Treatment
Should the injury cause any further musculoskeletal problems, for example a breakdown in posture or increased strain on certain joints due to limping, treatment with an osteopath would be advised for re-alignment of the pelvis or spine.